Mission Statement : To enhance awareness, discussion and change in the world through education, learning and intellectual inquiry! 

    The following papers from highly prestigious universities are intended to provide a foundation for discussion, learning and change. The views presented are from some of the most prestigious universities, scholars and learned persons. Articles that do not originate from such credible resources should be scrutinized for credibility and then accepted by the reader if she/he agrees with the author.

    Since knowledge is power, let us Choose to exercise that power via believing in a godly moral code of attaining and maintaining Perceptions of caring and "fairness."

     In particular, since the definition of "good" and "bad" can not be established because of technological development, better understanding and changing values, this perception is based upon our underlying assumptions, and the associated need for continual learning to re-affirm those assumptions.

Note : You may share the works on this page with others, but please do not spam strangers. The interpretation of the recipient should be either intellectual growth, social/economic justice or leisurely reading. On the other hand, public policy is not something that is dictated to you, unless you live in a dictatorship -- therefore, let fairness prevail via a more knowledgeable and just society. The works referenced on this page are publicly available and not for sale, except with the consent of the intellectual property owner.

Worthwhile Papers from the World Renowned Tanner Lectures : Perceptions of Caring and "Fairness"

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The following brilliant works are part of the world renowned Tanner Lectures conducted at the Universities of Cambridge, Harvard, Michigan, Oxford, Princeton, Stanford, Utah, Yale, and the University of California. The goal is to offer a few ideas that will engage people to think, promote equality and fairness, increase social justice and empower people for positive change. If you feel so compelled, please share the ideas that follow with others that may find them interesting or beneficial.

For more information on the The Tanner Lectures you can visit their home at the University of California Schools, Ivy League Institutions, or other top academic institutions.

If need, please download the Adobe Acrobat Reader here.  

 Fundamental Understanding of Economics & Introduction to Economics as a Moral Science

An Animated History of Poverty

The Loneliness of the Truth Teller - History is splattered with truth tellers' blood

(Professor of Theology, Marquette University)

Gallup Global Reports : 'Religiosity Highest in World's Poorest Nations' (Illustrative). Interestingly 1/3 of young adults don't identify with an organized religion.

"The latest Pew report, which used data from a summer survey of the nones and crunched numbers from earlier Pew surveys, found there are 46 million religiously unaffiliated adults in the U.S." Full report.

Perception of Organized Religion in America

Is Organized Religion Good?

 Catholic Church

The Tanner Lectures

 Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

  The Equivalence of Mass and Energy

  First published Wed Sep 12, 2001; substantive revision Mon Feb 6, 2012
For example, in Human Knowledge, Its Scope and Limits, he points out that "atoms" are merely small regions in which there is a great deal of energy. Furthermore, these regions are precisely the regions where one would have said, in pre- relativistic physics, that there was matter. For Russell, these considerations suggest that "mass is only a form of energy, and there is no reason why matter should not be dissolved into other forms of energy. It is energy, not matter, that is fundamental in physics" (1948, p. 291). Russell is proposing that mass is reducible to energy in the sense that the world consists only of energy.

Einstein's further conclusion that "the mass of a body is a measure of its energy content" (1905b, p. 71) does not, strictly speaking, follow from his argument. As Torretti (1983) and other philosophers and physicists have observed, Einstein's (1905b) argument allows for the possibility that once a body's energy store has been entirely used up (and subtracted from the mass using the mass-energy equivalence relation) the remainder is not zero. In other words, it is only an hypothesis in Einstein's (1905b) argument, and indeed in all derivations of E = mc2 in SR, that no "exotic matter" exists that is not convertible into energy (see Ehlers, Rindler, Penrose, (1965) for a discussion of this point). However, particle-antiparticle annihilation experiments in atomic physics, which were first observed decades after 1905, strongly support "Einstein's dauntless extrapolation" (Torretti, 1983, p. 112).

For more on Matter & Energy equivalence, as it relates to objective reality, click here.